Financial Inclusion in Action

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Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) in Fertiliser – Towards an Efficient Fertiliser Distribution System

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Forty-eight-year-old Devashekhar cultivates paddy twice a year. A resident of Guntur district in Andhra Pradesh, India, Devashekar purchases between 300 and 350 kg of fertiliser from retailers in his village. He is among many farmers who have now started to pay market price for fertiliser. “There has been a reduction in overcharging by retailers as… Continue reading

Addressing the Soil Health Crisis in India

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The Green Revolution, probably the greatest achievement of post-independence India, heralded an era of food sufficiency riding on the use of chemical fertilisers. Now, 50 years on, soil health is rapidly declining. There is ample evidence to show that indiscriminate use of fertilisersis the major cause of deteriorating soil health. Indian farmers apply around 66… Continue reading

India Post – Initiatives to Facilitate G2P Payments

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India Post has extensive outreach in rural areas of Jharkhand with 13 Head Post Offices (HPOs), 454 Sub Post Offices (SPOs) and 2,643 Branch Post Office (BPOs).[1] With 3,097 (454 SPOs + 2,643 BPOs) outlets present in rural and semi-urban areas, India Post has a reach of at least one outlet for every two of the… Continue reading

PMJDY Bank Mitr Assessment: The Supply-Side Story

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Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is now the world’s most successful financial inclusion scheme.  This blog highlights the supply-side findings (specifically focused on Bank Mitrs (BMs) or bank agents) of the final round of MicroSave’s PMJDY assessment (Wave III) conducted in December 2015.    The BM network is the backbone of PMJDY scheme. The… Continue reading

PMJDY: Milestones Reached, Yet Miles To Go – Customer Side Story Part 2

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In the first part of this blog, we discussed the demand-side findings of PMJDY Wave III survey conducted by MicroSave in December 2015. The blog highlights the positive impact of the PMJDY scheme on the financial behaviour of rural customers. Rural customers, including women, have enthusiastically contributed to the success of the scheme and have… Continue reading

PMJDY: Milestones Reached, Yet Miles to Go – Customer Side Story Part 1

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Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is now the world’s most successful financial inclusion scheme. The scheme envisages universal access to banking facilities with at least one bank account for every household, in addition to access to credit, insurance, and pension facilities. As of March 15, 2016, the scheme has mobilised approximately INR 335 billion… Continue reading

Where Are Women Agents in Indian DFS?

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Background In India, over 100 agent network managers (ANMs) are delivering digital financial services (DFS). Till March 2015, more than 600,000 agents were associated with ANMs in India, covering 92% of the country’s villages. There is, however, wide gender disparity amongst agents in India. For instance, according to a CGAP report, in 2012, only 15%… Continue reading

Agency Banking: How Female Agents Make a Difference

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Bilkis Banu sits along with a few of her customers in the veranda of her house and talks to us about the close bond that she shares with them. She was signed up as an agent to offer door-to-door cash deposit and withdrawal services for UCO Bank in February 2012 in Khormachali, a small village… Continue reading